There are several treatments your health care professional may use for
your actinic keratosis. Choice of treatment depends on the extent and
location of the precancerous lesions.
- Uses chemotherapy agents, like 5-fluorouracil (Efudex, Carac),
to treat precancerous cells.
Topical anti-inflammatory agents
- Imiquimod (Aldara) is a recently FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
approved topical cream that may stimulate an immune response against precancerous
- Diclofenac (Solaraze) is another recently FDA approved topical
gel that may eliminate some actinic keratoses over a 90-day treatment
Curettage and Electrodesiccation
- Precancerous lesions are frozen and destroyed with liquid nitrogen.
- Precancerous lesions are scraped away with a curette, a semi-sharp,
scoop-shaped instrument. The area is then cauterized with an electric
needle to control bleeding and treat any remaining precancerous cells.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
- Combines a drug (called a photosensitizer) with a specific type of
light to treat precancerous cells.
- A laser is used to remove or destroy precancer cells.